The haematology is a branch of medicine which studies the blood cells producer organs and plasma. It involves all issues related to its normal biology and physiology as well as blood abnormalities and illnesses affecting the blood cells producer organs: bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes and thymus.
Haematology is the science which distinguishes abnormal blood conditions, some may require treatment but others a very soon specific approach: Thrombosis, Bleedings, enlargement of lymph nodes, whether increase or reduction in the number of red cells, white cells or platelets. Enlargement, shrinking, absence or rupture of spleen, and the need for splenectomy. Bone Marrow Failure, Infections affecting blood cells. Iron metabolism, vitamins and calcium abnormalities can be related to a blood disease. An abnormal immune system can respond not well enough and can cause serious infections or autoimmune disorders affecting the blood cells. Bone lesions can appear due to blood cells disorders either acquired in audults / children or congenita
The study of the blood diseases and/or blood related organs is complex and its understanding has exponentially evolved over the last 30 years, generating the possibility of new methods for diagnosis and more effective treatments, and patients now expect a longer free disease survival and more likely to be cured from the haematology disease they have.
Clinical Haematology requires both clinical and laboratory expertise
The multidisciplinary approach of the haematological patient is more necessary nowadays, it is recommended and very beneficial for the patient to be in the hands of a Multidisciplinary Team (MDT). Though, the MDT is the standard paradigm of patient care: “patient centred with an holistic approach”
The quality control by an specialized external body, is a basic requirement for performing laboratory techniques applied to the haematological investigations for patients, the centralization of testing has allowed the most modern technologies being available for all the patients independently where they live or what health care provider the patient may have.
The economic cost of diagnostic tests, quality control and treatments has being higher and higher and it has obliged to the all health systems the standardization of care for haematological patients, setting and organizing networks for achieving equity and updating care for all users.
Blood Transfusions, and tissue transplant are guided by very strict and sophisticated regulations, it includes Bone Marrow Transplant, Peripheral Blood Stem Cells Transplants, for patient and donors. Centres where transplants are carry out are inspected and monitored differently in each country, but main rules apply worldwide.
The information in internet on haematological diseases is broad and the aim of this web page is to offer a practical and updated space for consultation, expecting to be helpful for patients, professionals and managers involved in health systems.